Peanut butter’s invention is a collaborative effort, not the work of a single person. In 1884, Marcellus Gilmore Edson patented the earliest form of peanut paste. Later, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg and Dr. Ambrose Straub made key improvements in making it. Despite common belief, George Washington Carver did not invent peanut butter but did promote peanut use extensively.
Peanut Butter’s Invention: A Timeline
- 1884: Marcellus Gilmore Edson patents the first peanut paste, a precursor to peanut butter.
- 1895: Dr. John Harvey Kellogg patents a process for making peanut butter from raw peanuts.
- 1903: Dr. Ambrose Straub patents a peanut butter making machine, aiding in commercial production.
- Early 20th Century: George Washington Carver popularizes peanuts with over 300 products, indirectly fostering peanut butter’s growth.
- 1922: Heinz introduced its version of peanut butter, expanding the market.
- 1932: Skippy peanut butter is launched, later introducing the first chunky and creamy varieties.
- 1958: Jif peanut butter enters the market, eventually becoming one of the best-selling peanut butter brands in the U.S.