Who is on the 20 Dollar bill? And why?

Andrew Jackson on the $20 Dollar Bill

The $20 bill features Andrew Jackson, the seventh U.S. President, known for his democratic values. Plans exist to replace his image with Harriet Tubman’s by 2030. Tubman, a famed abolitionist and Underground Railroad figure, represents a shift towards honoring diverse historical figures. This change highlights the growing recognition of women and minorities in American history.

Andrew Jackson on the $20 Dollar Bill

Why is Andrew Jackson on the $20 Dollar Bill?

  • Andrew Jackson’s Presidency: He was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837).
  • Public Appeal: Jackson was a popular figure for his advocacy of democratic values.
  • Military Achievements: Gained national fame as a military hero for his role in the War of 1812.
  • Political Influence: Known for his strong leadership and controversial policies, including opposition to the National Bank.
  • Symbolic Representation: His image on the bill reflects his significant impact and controversial legacy in American history.
  • Historical Significance: Represents a period of transformative change in U.S. politics and society during the early 19th century.

Why Will Harriet Tubman Replace Andrew Jackson on the $20 Bill?

  • Recognizing Diversity: The change reflects an effort to honor diverse historical contributions, especially from women and minorities.
  • Harriet Tubman’s Legacy: Tubman was a key abolitionist, Civil War spy, and suffragist, known for her role in the Underground Railroad.
  • Public Input: Her selection followed a public campaign and survey, indicating strong support for her inclusion on currency.
  • Shift in Historical Representation: This move is part of a broader initiative to acknowledge different facets of American history on currency.
  • Scheduled for 2030: The change, part of a series of currency redesigns, is tentatively planned for 2030.

The Roller Coaster Journey of Harriet Tubman’s Debut

The decision to replace Andrew Jackson with Harriet Tubman on the $20 bill has been a tumultuous journey marked by political shifts. Initiated under President Obama, the plan aimed to honor Tubman’s legacy as an abolitionist and critical historical figure. However, progress stalled during President Trump’s term; his administration delayed the redesign, citing technical reasons. With President Biden’s election, momentum for the change revived, signaling a commitment to this significant currency transformation by 2030. This ongoing saga highlights the intersection of politics, history, and currency, embodying the evolving narrative of America’s values and heroes.

What Else Does the 20-Dollar Bill Feature?

The $20 bill is more than just a monetary instrument; it’s a tapestry of American history and advanced security measures.

Front (Obverse)

  • Portrait: Currently showcases Andrew Jackson, the seventh U.S. President.
  • Symbols: Incorporates elements symbolizing American democracy and leadership.
  • Design Features: Detailed patterns and inscriptions, including the declaration “THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.”

Back (Reverse)

  • Main Image: Features the White House, the official residence of the U.S. President.
  • Inscriptions: “TWENTY DOLLARS” and “THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” prominently displayed.
  • Color Scheme: Predominantly green with intricate engraving details.

Security Features

  • Watermark: Visible when held to light, showing Jackson’s portrait on the right side.
  • Security Thread: Embedded strip glows green under UV light, with “USA TWENTY” printed along its length.
  • Color-Shifting Ink: The number ’20’ in the lower right corner changes color from copper to green when tilted.

Historical Evolution of the $20 Bill

The $20 bill’s history is marked by significant design changes and the notable upcoming shift to feature Harriet Tubman.

  • Early Designs: Initially, the bill showcased various designs including allegorical figures and key historical events.
  • Introduction of Andrew Jackson: In 1928, the bill started featuring Andrew Jackson, the seventh U.S. President, to symbolize his political impact.
  • Modernization: The bill has undergone numerous redesigns, enhancing its security features and durability.
  • Size Standardization: In 1929, the bill was resized for uniformity, adopting its current smaller format.
  • Technological Advancements: In recent decades, the bill incorporated advanced anti-counterfeiting measures like color-shifting ink and watermarks.

Harriet Tubman’s Involvement

  • Proposed Change: The plan to replace Andrew Jackson with Harriet Tubman, the renowned abolitionist, was unveiled in 2016.
  • Obama’s Initiative: This initiative gained traction under President Barack Obama, aiming to honor diverse historical figures.
  • Trump’s Delay: The redesign process faced delays during President Donald Trump’s administration, citing counterfeiting concerns.
  • Biden’s Acceleration: President Joe Biden renewed the push for featuring Tubman, seeking to showcase America’s diverse history.
  • Anticipated Release: The new design, expected by 2030, will mark a historic moment in U.S. currency by featuring Harriet Tubman.